Are Air Conditioning Refrigerants Being Phased Out?

August 05, 2020

You might not think a lot about how your air conditioner works, but it has to have refrigerant to keep your home cold. This refrigerant is subject to environmental regulation, as it contains chemicals.

Based on when your air conditioner was added to your home, it may use R-22, R-410A or R-32 refrigerant. We’ll go over the differences and which air conditioner refrigerants are being phased out in Huntingburg, plus how these phaseouts impact you.

What’s R-22 and Why is It No Longer Being Made?

If your air conditioner was installed before 2010, it possibly uses Freon®. You can learn if your air conditioner has it by reaching us at 812-200-5844. You can also check the name plate on your air conditioner condenser, which is found outside your home. This sticker will include info on what kind of refrigerant your AC has.

Freon, which is also known as R-22, contains chlorine. Scientists consider this chemical to be damaging to the earth’s ozone layer and one that leads to global warming. The Environmental Protection Agency, which oversees refrigerants in the United States, outlawed its creation and import in January 2020.

I Have a R-22 Air Conditioner. Should I Replace It?

It differs. If your air conditioning is running as designed, you can continue to use it. With annual air conditioner maintenance, you can expect your system to operate around 15–20 years. However, the Department of Energy notes that substituting a 10-year-old air conditioner could save you 20–40% on summertime cooling bills!

If you don’t get a new air conditioner, it can lead to an issue if you need air conditioning repair later on, specifically for refrigerant. Repairs could be pricier, since only small amounts of recycled and reclaimed R-22 is accessible.

With the end of R-22, many new air conditioners now have Puron®. Also referred to as R-410A, this refrigerant was made to keep the ozone layer strong. As it calls for a different pressure level, it doesn’t match air conditioners that rely on R-22 for cooling.

However, Puron still has the potential to lead to global warming. Because of that, it might also sometime be ended. Although it hasn’t been announced yet for residential air conditioners, it’s anticipated sometime this decade.

What Refrigerant Will Take the Place of R-410A?

In preparation of the end, some brands have initiated using R-32 in new air conditioners. This refrigerant ranks low for global warming potential—approximately one-third less than R-410A. And it also lowers energy use by approximately 10%, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth Assessment Report. That’s savings that might be sent on to you through your electrical bills.

Dearing's Service & Solutions Can Assist with All Your Air Conditioning Needs

In brief, the changes to air conditioner refrigerant probably won’t affect you very much until you have to have repairs. But as we mentioned earlier, repairs connected to refrigerant may be more costly because of the reduced quantities available.

Aside from that, your air conditioner usually breaks down at the worst time, typically on the hottest day when we’re experiencing lots of other appointments for AC repair.

If your air conditioner uses a phased out refrigerant or is more than 15 years old, we suggest getting a modern, energy-efficient air conditioner. This delivers a hassle-free summer and could even lower your energy expenses, especially if you get an ENERGY STAR®-rated air conditioner. Plus, Dearing's Service & Solutions offers many financing options to make your new air conditioner even more affordable. Contact us at 812-200-5844 to start today with a free estimate.